• Roham Afghani KhoraskaniEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Building envelope systems—especially the façade system—over high-rise buildings and structures consume approximately over 20 % or more of the total construction budget and are considered to be an economically significant attribute of the building. Architectural glass exterior systems, used as the entire building skin or part of its envelope, are considered to be one of the most influential building systems contributing to the proper function of the building. With the exception of a few guidelines in building design codes, there is currently a lack of design approaches provided for designers and engineers in appropriate selection of glazing details to effectively mitigate earthquake damage.


Seismic Response Glass Panel Rotational Friction Glass Element Water Tightness 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politecnico Di MilanoMilanItaly

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