Advertisement

Beyond GDP pp 79-90 | Cite as

Flows of Direct Energy

  • Matthew Kuperus Heun
  • Michael Carbajales-Dale
  • Becky Roselius Haney
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Energy book series (LNEN, volume 26)

Abstract

Accounting for direct energy as it flows through an economy is essential for developing a dynamic picture of its metabolism. In this chapter, we apply the First Law of Thermodynamics to sectors of the economy to describe flows of direct energy from the biosphere, through economies, and ultimately back to the biosphere as waste heat. Direct energy accounting equations are developed through a series of example economies with increasing levels of disaggregation. Finally, direct energy flows for the example of the US auto industry are discussed.

Keywords

Waste Heat Energy Sector Direct Energy Auto Industry Chemical Potential Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Capra F. The hidden connections: a science for sustainable living. New York:Anchor Books; January 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hammond GP, Winnett AB. The influence of thermodynamic ideas on ecological economics: an interdisciplinary critique. Sustainability. 2009;1:1196–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cleveland CJ, Kaufmann RK, Stern DI. Aggregation and the role of energy in the economy. Ecol Econ. 2000;32:301–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ayres RU, Ayres LW, Warr BS. Exergy, power and work in the US economy, 1900–1998. Energy. 2003;28(3):219–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Warr BS, Ayres RU. Useful work and information as drivers of economic growth. Ecol Econ. 2012;73(C):93–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Smith DM. The yield and energy content of milk and the energetic efficiency of sows on different levels of nutrition during gestation and lactation. N Z J Agric Res. 1960;3(5):745–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hall CAS, Cleveland CJ, Kaufman R. Energy and resource quality: the ecology of the economic process. John Wiley & Sons; 1986.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Murphy DJ, Hall CAS, Dale M, Cleveland C. Order from chaos: a preliminary protocol for determining the EROI of fuels. Sustainability. 2011;3(10):1888–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brandt AR, Dale M.Ageneral mathematical framework for calculating systems-scale efficiency of energy extraction and conversion: energy return on investment (EROI) and other energy return ratios. Energies. 2011;4(8):1211–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Brandt AR, Dale M, Barnhart CJ. Calculating systems-scale energy efficiency and net energy returns: a bottom-up matrix-based approach. Energy. 2013;62:235–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Brandt AR. Oil depletion and the energy efficiency of oil production: the case of california. Sustainability. 2011;3(10):1833–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Energy Information Administration. 2010 manufacturing energy consumption survey (MECS) survey data. Technical report, US Energy Information Administration; 2010.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sullivan JL, Burnham A, Wang M. Energy-consumption and carbon-emission analysis of vehicle and component manufacturing. Technical report, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Kuperus Heun
    • 1
  • Michael Carbajales-Dale
    • 2
  • Becky Roselius Haney
    • 3
  1. 1.Engineering DepartmentCalvin CollegeGrand RapidsUSA
  2. 2.Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences DepartmentClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  3. 3.Economics DepartmentCalvin CollegeGrand RapidsUSA

Personalised recommendations