Radioactive Contamination of Natural Waters

  • V. I. FerronskyEmail author
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


Industrial nuclear technology, which frequently requires the utilisation of very considerable amounts of water, is the main cause of radioactive contamination of natural waters. Surface and underground waters become contaminated with radioactive materials when industrial effluents are discharged into them, or where there is leakage from industrial complexes concerned with the production and enrichment of radioactive materials, treatment of nuclear fuels or the manufacture of fuel rods for industrial and research nuclear reactors. The nature and properties of radioactive effluents, future developments in nuclear technology and disposal of effluents are discussed in this chapter. Migration of radioactive-effluent components through soil and ground, natural minerals and organic sorbents is also analysed.


Fission Product Fuel Element Absorption Capacity Industrial Effluent Migration Activity 
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Problems Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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