Introduction: Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics

  • V. I. FerronskyEmail author
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


A short overview of the discovery of natural, artificial and cosmogenic radioactivity and nuclear particles (proton, neutron and electron) is presented. The discovery of stable isotopes, their abundance in the Earth’s crust, parameters of subatomic particles and the binding energy of nuclei are discussed. Physics of nuclear reactions, sources of radioactivity, the law of radioactive decay and attenuation of radiation by matter are considered. The principal ideas on measurement techniques and health hazards are stated. Non-solved problems of the nuclear structure and the nature of strong nuclear interactions are discussed.


Isotopic Composition Oxygen Isotope Nuclear Reaction Neutron Capture Water Water 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Problems Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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