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The Rise of Applied Entomology in the Russian Empire: Governmental, Public, and Academic Responses to Insect Pest Outbreaks from 1840 to 1894

  • Marina V. LoskutovaEmail author
  • Anastasia A. Fedotova
Chapter
Part of the Archimedes book series (ARIM, volume 40)

Abstract

This chapter examines the rise of applied entomology in the nineteenth-century Russian empire from the time when certain branches of the Russian civil service began collecting field data on insect pests till the moment when the first professional positions for agricultural entomologists were established. The central theme of our research is the interaction between a small group of trained naturalists, the Russian state administration, and a broader network of provincial observers that was instrumental for the emergence of a discipline whose success ultimately depended on a stable flow of mass-produced field data. The chapter explores the complex relations between the state and civil society, and between the political and academic center of St. Petersburg and regional initiatives that shaped the early history of applied entomology in Russia.

Keywords

Agricultural entomology Applied entomology Insect pests Lay observers Nineteenth century Russian empire 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Joseph Horan, Aleksei Kouprianov, and the editors of this volume, Sharon Kingsland and Denise Phillips, for their very helpful comments and suggestions.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.History DepartmentNational Research University - Higher School of EconomicsSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute for the History of Science and TechnologyRASSt. PetersburgRussia

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