Logic Scoring of Preference and Spatial Multicriteria Evaluation for Urban Residential Land Use Analysis

  • Kris Hatch
  • Suzana Dragićević
  • Jozo Dujmović
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8728)


The Logic Scoring of Preference (LSP) is a general multicriteria decision-making method with origins in soft computing and fuzzy reasoning. It allows the nonlinear aggregation of a large number of input criteria without the loss of significance typical for additive GIS-based MCE methods. The objective of this study is to integrate the LSP method with GIS and create LSP suitability maps for the land suitability analysis applied to real geospatial datasets for new urban residential development in the Metro Vancouver Region, Canada. Several factors influencing land use change were selected to construct the aggregation structure for the LSP-GIS method and implemented for decision-making purposes. This method allows simultaneity, replaceability and a range of other aggregators to match various evaluation objectives. The obtained results indicate that the LSP-MCE method provides refined evaluation of urban land suitability and therefore has a high potential for use in urban planning.


Analytic Hierarchy Process Order Weighted Average Input Attribute Aggregation Structure Partial Conjunction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kaufmann, R.K., Seto, K.C., Schneider, A., Liu, Z., Zhou, L., Wang, W.: Climate Response to Rapid Urban Growth: Evidence of a Human-Induced Precipitation Deficit. J. Clim. 20, 22–99 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Glaeser, E.L., Gyourko, J., Saks, R.E.: Urban growth and housing supply. J. Econ. Geogr. 6, 71–89 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Glaeser, E.L., Kahn, M.E.: Sprawl and Urban Growth. In: Vernon Henderson, J., Thisse, J.-F. (eds.) Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, vol. 4, pp. 2481–2527 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Malczewski, J.: GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview. Prog. Plann. 62(1), 365 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dujmović, J.J., De Tre, G., Dragićević, S.: Comparison of Multicriteria Methods for Land-use Suitability Assessment. In: European Soc Fuzzy Logic & Technology, Linz (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dujmović, J.J., Larsen, H.L.: Generalized conjunction/disjunction. Int. J. Approx. Reason. 46, 423–446 (2007)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dujmović, J.J.: The LSP Method for Evaluation and Selection of Computer and Communication Equipment. In: Proceedings of MELECON 1987 Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference and 34th Conference on Electronics, pp. 251–254. IEEE/RIENA, Rome (1987)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dujmović, J.J., Scheer, D.: Logic Aggregation of Suitability Maps. In: International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, pp. 1–8. IEEE, Barcelona (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dujmović, J.J.: Partial Absorption Function. J. Univ. Belgrade, EE Dept., Ser. Math and Phys. 659, 156–163 (1979)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dujmović, J.J., De Tre, G., Van de Weghe, N.: LSP suitability maps. Soft Comput. A Fusion Found. Methodol. Appl. 14, 421–434 (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jankowski, P., Richard, L.: Integration of GIS-based suitability analysis and multicriteria evaluation in a spatial decision support system for site selection. Env. and Plan B 21(6), 323–340 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carver, S.J.: Integrating multi-criteria evaluation with geographical information systems. Int. J. Geogr. Inf. Syst. 5, 321–339 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Voogd, H.: Multicriteria Methods for Urban and Regional Planning. Taylor & Francis (1983)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Malczewski, J.: GISbased multicriteria decision analysis: a survey of the literature. Int. J. Geogr. Inf. Sci. 20, 703–726 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dujmović, J.J., De Tré, G., Van de Weghe, N.: Suitability Maps Based on the LSP Method. In: Torra, V., Narukawa, Y. (eds.) MDAI 2008. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 5285, pp. 15–25. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dujmović, J., De Tre, G.: Multicriteria methods and logic aggregation in suitability maps. Int. J. Intell. Syst. 26, 971–1001 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Densham, P.J.: Spatial Decision Support Systems. Geogr. Inf. Syst. Princ. Appl. 1, 403–412 (1991)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dujmović, J.J., Bayucan, A.R.: A Quantitative Method for Software Evaluation and its Application in Evaluating Windowed Environments. In: Software Engineering Conference. IASTED, San Francisco (1997)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dujmovic, J.J., Nagashima, H.: LSP Method and its Use for Evaluation of Java IDEs. Int. J. Approx. Reas. 41, 3–22 (2006)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Dujmović, J.J., Bai, H.: Evaluation and Comparison of Search Engines Using the LSP Method. Comp. Sci. Inf. Sys. 3, 31–56 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dujmović, J.: Preference Logic for System Evaluation. IEEE Trans. Fuz. Syst. 15(6), 1082–1099 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dujmović, J.J., Fang, W.Y.: An Empirical Analysis of Assessment Errors for Weights and Andness in LSP Criteria. In: Torra, V., Narukawa, Y. (eds.) MDAI 2004. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3131, pp. 139–150. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dujmović, J.J., Fang, W.Y.: Reliability of LSP Criteria. In: Torra, V., Narukawa, Y. (eds.) MDAI 2004. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3131, pp. 151–162. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dujmović, J.J., Allen III, W.L.: A Family of Soft Computing Decision Models for Selecting Multi-Species Habitat Mitigation Projects. In: Yager, R.R., Reformat, M.Z., Shahbazova, S.N., Ovchinnikov, S. (eds.) Proceedings of the World Conference on Soft Computing, paper 101 (2011)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    SEAS, LSPmaps (2014),

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kris Hatch
    • 1
  • Suzana Dragićević
    • 1
  • Jozo Dujmović
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographySimon Fraser UniversityCanada
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceSan Francisco State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations