Erosion and Deposition of Particles in a Periodic Forced Flow

  • P. Villamil Sapien
  • I. Sánchez Calvo González
  • E. J. López-Sánchez
  • G. Ruíz ChavarríaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In this paper we present an experimental study of the erosion and accumulation of particles produced by a periodic forced flow in two domains connected by a channel. For this purpose a thin layer of sand is deposited on the bottom of the channel and one of these domains. Then, a periodic flow rate is produced with the aid of a block partially submerged in the fluid and subject to a sinusoidal vertical motion. The evolution of the system was observed for thousands of periods. The aim of this study is to model the particle transport in a tidal induced flow between an estuary and the open sea. The erosion and accumulation zones observed in our study are compared with results obtained in numerical simulations and observational works.


Channel Width Liquid Layer Strouhal Number Particle Transport Point Vortex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors acknowledge DGAPA-UNAM by support under project IN116312, “Vorticidad y ondas no lineales en fluidos”.


  1. Amoroso RO, Gagliardini DA (2010) Inferring complex hydrographic processes using remote-sensed images: turbulent fluxes in the Patagonian Gulfs and implications for scallop metapopulation dynamics. J Coast Res 26(2):320–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Angilella J-R (2010) Dust trapping in vortex pairs. Phys D 239:1789–1797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. de Swart HE, Zimmerman JTF (2009) Morphodynamics of tidal inlet systems. Annu Rev Fluid Mech 41:203–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lacaze L, Brancher P, Eiff O, Labat L (2010) Experimental characterization of the 3D dynamics of a laminar shallow vortex dipole. Exp Fluids 48:225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. López-Sánchez EJ, Ruiz-Chavarría G (2012) Numerical study of water flow in a channel output with periodic forcing. Experimental and theoretical advances in fluid dynamics. Springer, Berlin ISSN 1863–5520Google Scholar
  6. López-Sánchez EJ, Ruiz-Chavarría G (2013a) Transport of particles in a periodically forced flow. Experimental and computational fluid mechanics. Springer, Heildelberg ISSN 1431–2492Google Scholar
  7. López-Sánchez EJ, Ruiz-Chavarría G (2013b) Vorticity and particle transport in periodic flow leaving a channel. Eur J Mech B/Fluids 42:92–103Google Scholar
  8. Maxey MR, Riley JJ (1983) Equation of motion for a small rigid sphere in a nonuniform flow. Phys Fluids 26:883–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mordant N, Metz P, Michel O, Pinton JF (2001) Measurement of Lagrangian velocity in fully developed turbulence. Phys Rev Lett 87:214–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Villamil Sapien
    • 1
  • I. Sánchez Calvo González
    • 1
  • E. J. López-Sánchez
    • 1
  • G. Ruíz Chavarría
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexicoMexico

Personalised recommendations