Numerical Simulation of a Gas-Stirred Ladle

  • H. Zambrano
  • A. Bencomo
  • L. Trujillo
  • L. Di G. SigalottiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In this paper we present three-dimensional, numerical simulations of the turbulent recirculatory flow in a gas-stirred vessel. The physical model consists of air injected in a water cylindrical vessel, corresponding to a one-seventh scale model of an industrial 35 tons steel-making ladle. Plume development and recirculation is investigated for air blowing through an eccentric porous plug placed at the bottom of the vessel. The experimentally observed plume behaviour and the mixing process due to recirculatory water motion within the ladle is qualitatively well reproduced by the numerical simulations. When the airflow rate is increased, the intensity of agitation and turbulence increases, thereby enhancing the mixing in the ladle.


Nozzle Exit Recirculation Region Porous Plug Plume Region Turbulent Eddy Viscosity 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Zambrano
    • 1
  • A. Bencomo
    • 2
  • L. Trujillo
    • 3
  • L. Di G. Sigalotti
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad Central de Venezuela, UCV, (Doctorado Individualizado)CaracasVenezuela
  2. 2.Escuela de Ingeniería Metalúrgica y Ciencia de los Materiales, Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad Central de Venezuela, UCVCaracasVenezuela
  3. 3.Centro de FísicaInstituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, IVICCaracasVenezuela
  4. 4.Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, IVICCaracasVenezuela
  5. 5.Departamento de Ciencias BásicasUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana-AzcapotzalcoMexicoMexico

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