Mixed Convection in a Rectangular Enclosure with Temperature-Dependent Viscosity and Viscous Dissipation

  • A. Gómez López
  • B. Estela García Rojas
  • R. O. Vargas Aguilar
  • L. A. Martínez-SuásteguiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The problem of laminar opposing mixed convection inside a two-dimensional rectangular enclosure with asymmetrical heating is studied numerically using the vorticity-stream function formulation of the Navier-Stokes and energy equations. The model considers viscous dissipation and viscosity is assumed to vary with temperature according to an exponential relation, while other fluid properties are considered constant. Numerical experiments have been performed for fixed values of the geometrical parameters, Reynolds number of \(Re = 20\), Prandtl number of \(Pr = 3{,}060\), a range of Richardson numbers from 0 to 10, and Brinkman numbers ranging between 0 to 40. Streamlines, temperature contours, maximum fluid temperature and average Nusselt number at both walls are obtained. The results show that combined viscous dissipation and variable fluid viscosity can be important in the overall flow and heat transfer characteristics.


Nusselt Number Viscous Dissipation Mixed Convection Richardson Number Local Nusselt Number 
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This work has been supported by the Consejo Nacional de la Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT), Grant No. 167474 and SIP-IPN 20131675.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Gómez López
    • 1
  • B. Estela García Rojas
    • 2
  • R. O. Vargas Aguilar
    • 1
  • L. A. Martínez-Suástegui
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.ESIME Azcapotzalco, Instituto Politécnico NacionalMéxicoMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Ingeniería y Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad IberoamericanaMéxicoMexico

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