Mangrove Ecosystems

  • Gautam Kumar Das
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 11)


A combination of estuarine and mangrove forest ecosystem is the characteristics of the Sunderbans region. Natural processes like tidal surge, cyclones etc., acting singularly or in combination, have made the Sunderbans mangroves ecosystem most fragile and harsh. This large block of halophytic mangrove ecosystem is highly productive which provides large quantities of organic detritus which is considered as primary food for the natural habitats of this ecosystem. The close relationship between microbe – nutrient – plant acts as a mechanism to recycle and conserve nutrients in the mangrove ecosystem. Hydrological, biogeochemical and ecological functions of mangrove have direct bearing on socio-economic benefits of the region. The mangrove ecosystem of Sunderbans is highly disturbed due to over exploitation of mangrove forests and unplanned land use pattern.


Sunderbans Ecosystem Mangrove Food web Detritus Microbe Nutrients 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gautam Kumar Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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