Substrate Soils

  • Gautam Kumar Das
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 11)


The humic and acid sulphate soils of Sunderbans are basically saline micaceous deltaic alluvium which is ideal for the growth of luxuriant mangrove forest. Substrate soils have a major impact on mangrove nutrition and growth. High nutrient concentration and low salinity of substrate soils produce rapid growth of mangroves in Sunderbans. On the basis of salt concentrations present, soils of Sunderbans are classified into saline soil, saline–alkali soil, non-saline alkali soil and degraded saline-alkali soils. Most of the mangrove species prefer low saline substratum. The water holding capacity and process of aeration are poor in the substrate soils of different geomorphic units of Sunderbans.


Sunderbans Substrate soil Soil salinity Alkalinity pH Organic carbon Nutrients Mangroves 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gautam Kumar Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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