Brackish Water

  • Gautam Kumar Das
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 11)


The rivers of Sunderbans along with its numerous creeks, tidal inlets and estuaries forming an anastomising network together with submerged swamps and marshes, constitute its low saline brackish water body. The brackish water of Sunderbans have the potential for the growth of mangroves and is the breeding ground for large varieties of fin fish and shell fishes. Neo tectonic movement has resulted in the change of courses for the river Hooghly which impeded fresh water flow towards Sunderbans. Changes brought by regional and global processes, climatic changes etc. have resulted in increasing trends of water and soil salinity, loss of biodiversity, degrading soil and water quality which are not congenial for this vulnerable ecosystem.


Sunderbans Tidal rivers Creeks Salinity pH Dissolved oxygen Alkalinity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gautam Kumar Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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