Advertisement

Changing Environmental Scenario

  • Gautam Kumar Das
Chapter
  • 412 Downloads
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 11)

Abstract

Various morphodynamics factors together with anthropogenic interferences are bringing in substantial changes in the unique ecosystem of Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve. Significant rise in sea level, high rate of erosion and accretion in the deltaic system, change of salinity and temperature of river water, change of river course causing impeded fresh water flow in the estuarine domain, over exploitation of mangrove vegetation which acts as a buffer to cyclonic storms and construction of embankments along the islands are some of the natural and human factors responsible for causing ecological imbalance and depletion of mangrove vegetation with its diverse floral and faunal habitats. A comprehensive multidisciplinary approach for management of Sunderbans as well as awareness among the Sunderbans dwellers about importance of mangrove and its conservation is the need of the hour.

Keywords

Sunderbans Mangroves Salinity Tidal flow Estuarine ecosystem Embankment Anthropogenic activities 

References

  1. Coombes EG, Jones AP, Sutherland WJ (2009) The implications of climate change on coastal visitor numbers: a regional analysis. J Coast Res 25(4):981–990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Das GK (2009) Beach processes of Tidal Islands of Hugli Estuary, West Bengal. Geogr Rev India 71(3):240–248Google Scholar
  3. Gopinath G, Seralathan P (2005) Rapid erosion of the coast of Sagar Island, W.B. India. Environ Geol 48:1058–1067CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. IPCC (2007) Climate change-2007. Impacts, adaptations and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gautam Kumar Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations