Up, Down, Turn Around: Assisted Wayfinding Involving Level Changes

  • Stephany Bigler
  • Annina Brügger
  • Fiona Utzinger
  • Kai-Florian Richter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8684)

Abstract

Both maps and verbal descriptions have been shown to be an effective wayfinding assistance. However, most studies investigating these aids have been performed in two-dimensional spaces that ignore level changes. It seems less clear that both types of assistance work equally well in settings that involve going up some stairs or taking an elevator. In this paper, we present a study that had participants follow a route in a multi-level setting involving several level changes while being assisted by either a textual description or a sketch map. Results indicate that both types of assistance are effective and that the few differences in performance that we discovered can be attributed to differences in the employed wayfinding strategies rather than differences in the assistance types. Our findings have implications for the design of (mobile) assistance services that aim at using graphical instructions for guiding users seamlessly through indoor and outdoor environments.

Keywords

route following description vs. depiction sketch map level change 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Montello, D.R.: Navigation. In: Shah, P., Miyake, A. (eds.) Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking, pp. 257–294. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meilinger, T.: Wayfinding with maps and verbal directions. In: Proceedings of Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 1473–1478 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tversky, B., Lee, P.U.: How space structures language. In: Freksa, C., Habel, C., Wender, K.F. (eds.) Spatial Cognition 1998. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 1404, pp. 157–175. Springer, Heidelberg (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daniel, M.P., Denis, M.: Spatial descriptions as navigational aids: A cognitive analysis of route directions. Kognitionswissenschaft 7, 45–52 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ghafourian, M., Karimi, H.A.: Universal navigation: Concept and algorithms. In: World Congress on Computer Science and Information Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 369–373. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Krüger, A., Baus, J., Heckmann, D., Kruppa, M., Wasinger, R.: Adaptive mobile guides. In: Brusilovsky, P., Kobsa, A., Nejdl, W. (eds.) Adaptive Web 2007. LNCS, vol. 4321, pp. 521–549. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tversky, B., Lee, P.U.: Pictorial and verbal tools for conveying routes. In: Freksa, C., Mark, D.M. (eds.) COSIT 1999. LNCS, vol. 1661, pp. 51–64. Springer, Heidelberg (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Klippel, A.: Wayfinding choremes. In: Kuhn, W., Worboys, M.F., Timpf, S. (eds.) COSIT 2003. LNCS, vol. 2825, pp. 301–315. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fontaine, S., Denis, M.: The production of route instructions in underground and urban environments. In: Freksa, C., Mark, D.M. (eds.) COSIT 1999. LNCS, vol. 1661, pp. 83–94. Springer, Heidelberg (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fontaine, S.: Spatial cognition and the processing of verticality in underground environments. In: Montello, D.R. (ed.) COSIT 2001. LNCS, vol. 2205, pp. 387–399. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Münzer, S., Stahl, C.: Providing individual route instructions for indoor wayfinding in complex, multi-level buildings. In: Probst, F., Keßler, C. (eds.) GI-Days 2007 Young Researchers Forum. IfGI prints, vol. 30, pp. 241–246. Institut für Geoinformatik, Münster (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Münzer, S., Stahl, C.: Learning of visual route instructions for indoor wayfinding. In: Hölscher, C. (ed.) Poster Proceedings of Spatial Cognition 2008, Freiburg, Germany, pp. 65–68 (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Montello, D.R., Pick, H.L.: Integrating knowledge of vertically aligned large-scale spaces. Environment and Behavior 25(3), 457–484 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Carlson, L.A., Hölscher, C., Shipley, T.F., Dalton, R.C.: Getting lost in buildings. Current Directions in Psychological Science 19(5), 284–289 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Weisman, J.: Evaluating architectural legibility: Way-finding in the built environment. Environment and Behaviour 13(2), 189–204 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dogu, U., Erkip, F.: Spatial factors affecting wayfinding and orientation — a case study in a shopping mall. Environment and Behavior 32(6), 731–755 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Werner, S., Long, P.: Cognition meets Le Corbusier – cognitive principles of architectural design. In: Freksa, C., Brauer, W., Habel, C., Wender, K.F. (eds.) Spatial Cognition III. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2685, pp. 112–126. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hölscher, C., Meilinger, T., Vrachliotis, G., Brösamle, M., Knauff, M.: Up the down staircase: Wayfinding strategies in multi-level buildings. Journal of Environmental Psychology 26(4), 284–299 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Soeda, M., Kushiyama, N., Ohno, R.: Wayfinding in cases with vertical motion. In: Proceedings of MERA 97: International Conference on Environment-Behavior Studies, pp. 559–564 (1997)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ishikawa, T., Yamazaki, T.: Showing where to go by maps or pictures: An empirical case study at subway exits. In: Hornsby, K.S., Claramunt, C., Denis, M., Ligozat, G. (eds.) COSIT 2009. LNCS, vol. 5756, pp. 330–341. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Elias, B., Paelke, V., Kuhnt, S.: Concepts for the cartographic visualization of landmarks. In: Gartner, G. (ed.) Location Based Services & Telecartography - Proceedings of the Symposium 2005, pp. 1149–1155. Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen, TU Vienna (2005)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Daniel, M.P., Tom, A., Manghi, E., Denis, M.: Testing the value of route directions through navigational performance. Spatial Cognition and Computation 3(4), 269–289 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephany Bigler
    • 1
  • Annina Brügger
    • 1
  • Fiona Utzinger
    • 1
  • Kai-Florian Richter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of ZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations