On Improving the Classification Capability of Reservoir Computing for Arabic Speech Recognition

  • Abdulrahman Alalshekmubarak
  • Leslie S. Smith
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8681)


Designing noise-resilient systems is a major challenge in the field of automated speech recognition (ASR). These systems are crucial for real-world applications where high levels of noise tend to be present. We introduce a noise robust system based on Echo State Networks and Extreme Kernel machines which we call ESNEKM. To evaluate the performance of the proposed system, we used our recently released public Arabic speech dataset and the well-known spoken Arabic digits (SAD) dataset. Different feature extraction methods considered in this study include mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs), perceptual linear prediction (PLP) and RASTA- perceptual linear prediction. These extracted features were fed to the ESNEKM and the result compared with a baseline hidden Markov model (HMM), so that nine models were compared in total. ESNEKM models outperformed HMM models under all the feature extraction methods, noise levels, and noise types. The best performance was obtained by the model that combined RASTA-PLP with ESNEKM.


Reservoir computing Speech recognition PLP MFCC RASTA-PLP Speech corpus Arabic language 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdulrahman Alalshekmubarak
    • 1
  • Leslie S. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computing ScienceUniversity of StirlingStirlingUK

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