The Effects of Diet in Hyperlipidemia
In this chapter, we discuss the role of diet in reducing cardiovascular risk from hyperlipidemia. We review the results of several large clinical studies and how they can inform us of what dietary changes are important to make. The history and evidence behind the “Mediterranean” diet is explored. We discuss various food components and how they can affect serum levels of lipids as well as morbidity and mortality endpoints. Interventions with specific foods are also reviewed. A sample plate based approach that we use for our patients is presented.
KeywordsMediterranean diet Fatty acids Cholesterol Carbohydrates Fat Foods Alcohol Oil HDL LDL Cardiovascular disease
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