How Culture Influences Leadership Styles
In 1994, for the first time in the history of the American College of Surgeons (ACS), an individual, Dr. Alexander J. Walt, who was not born in the United States (US) and had not trained in the US, was elected President. In 2013, another foreign medical graduate (FMG), Carlos A. Pellegrini, gave his Presidential address in front of the ACS as the 94th President. Even though Dr. Walt and Dr. Pellegrini are examples that are difficult to follow, their stories have a lot in common and show that foreign born individuals do serve in leadership roles in surgery. This chapter discusses how the culture from which an individual is from effects leadership styles, and how surgical leadership may be different among different cultures. This chapter also describes the career path of two general surgeons, both FMG, but from different continents, and how their culture has influenced their own leadership styles.
KeywordsLeadership Culture Foreign Medical Graduate Dimensions of culture Cultural clusters Integration Assimilation
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