Advertisement

Using FL Accent Imitation in L1 in Foreign-Language Speech Research

  • Arkadiusz RojczykEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)

Abstract

The article proposes the elicitation technique based on FL accent imitation in L1 for FL speech research. The assumption of the proposed technique is that learners will transfer those FL phonetic features into L1 that they perceive as salient or characteristic, which may be helpful in establishing a hierarchy of FL pronunciation features and their level of acquisition. The tested parameter in the current study was the Voice Onset Time in voiceless plosives. Ten Polish learners of English produced Polish words embedded in sentences in Polish accent and in imitated English accent in Polish. The results showed that they increased VOTs for /p, t, k/ in imitation of English accent, which shows that they transferred this parameter into Polish as a marker of English accent. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between the learners’ VOTs in English and in Polish with imitated English accent, indicating that the proposed elicitation technique is able to determine the degree of acquisition of the FL pronunciation feature.

Keywords

Native Speaker Voice Onset Time Speech Research Elicitation Technique Voiceless Stop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Adank, P., Stewart, A. J., Connell, L., & Wood, J. (2013). Accent imitation positively affects language attitudes. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1-10.Google Scholar
  2. Andersen, R. (1983). Transfer to somewhere. In S. M. Gass, & L. Selinker (Eds.), Language transfer in language learning (pp. 177-201). Rowley: Newbury House.Google Scholar
  3. Ausubel, D. P. (1963). The psychology of meaningful verbal learning. New York: Grune and Statten. Google Scholar
  4. Baldwin, J., & French, P. (1990). Forensic phonetics. London, New York: Pinter Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Best, C. T. (1995). A direct realist view of cross-language speech perception. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 171-204). Baltimore: York Press.Google Scholar
  6. Best, C. T., & Tyler, M. D. (2007). Non-native and second language speech perception: Commonalities and complementarities. In O.-S. Bohn, & M. J. Munro (Eds.), Language experience in second language speech learning: In honor of James Emil Flege (pp. 13-34). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  7. Birdsong, D. (1999). Introduction: Whys and why nots of the critical period hypothesis for second language acquisition. In D. Birdsong (Ed.), Second language acquisition and the critical period hypothesis (pp. 161-181). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  8. Birdsong, D. (2005). Interpreting age effects in second language acquisition. In J. Kroll, & A. de Grot (Eds.), Handbook of bilingualism: Psycholinguistic perspectives (pp. 109-127). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Boersma, P. (2001). Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer. Glot International, 10, 341-345.Google Scholar
  10. Delvaux, V., & Soquet, A. (2007). The influence of ambient speech on adult speech productions through unintentional imitation. Phonetica, 64, 145-173.Google Scholar
  11. Evans, B. G., & Iverson, P. (2007). Plasticity in vowel perception and production: A study of accent change in young adults. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121, 3814-3826.Google Scholar
  12. Flege, J. E. (1995). Second language speech learning: Theory, findings, and problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 233-277). Baltimore: York Press.Google Scholar
  13. Flege, J. E., Yeni-Komshian, G., & Liu, H. (1999). Age constraints on second language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language, 41, 78-104. Google Scholar
  14. Gagné, R. M. (1965). The acquisition of knowledge. In R. C. Anderson, & D. P. Ausubel (Eds.), Readings in the psychology of cognition (pp. 116-132). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  15. Giles, H., Coupland, J. & Coupland, N. (1991). Contexts of accommodation: Developments in Applied Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Guiora, A. Z. (1967). Toward a systematic study of empathy. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 8, 375-385.Google Scholar
  17. Guiora, A. Z., & Acton, W. R. (1979). Personality and language behavior: A restatement. Language Learning, 29, 193-204.Google Scholar
  18. Guiora, A. Z., Beit-Hallahmi, B., Brannon, R. L. C., Dull, C. Y., & Scovel, T. (1972). The effects of experimentally induced changes in ego states on pronunciation ability in a second language: An exploratory study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 13, 421-428.Google Scholar
  19. Hu, X., Ackermann, H., Martin, J. A., Erb, M., Winkler, S., & Reiterer, S. M. (2013). Language aptitude for pronunciation in advanced second language (L2) learners: Behavioural predictors and neural substrates. Brain and Language, 127, 366-376.Google Scholar
  20. Keating, P. A. (1980). A phonetic study of a voicing contrast in Polish. PhD Dissertation, Brown University.Google Scholar
  21. Keating, P. A., Linker, W., & Huffman, M. (1983). Patterns of allophone distribution for voiced and voiceless stops. Journal of Phonetics, 11, 277-290.Google Scholar
  22. Keating, P. A., Mikoś, M. J. & Ganong III, W. F. (1981). A cross-language study of range of voice onset time in the perception of initial stop voicing. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 70, 1261-1271.Google Scholar
  23. Kellerman, E. (1995). Crosslinguistic influence: Transfer to nowhere? Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 15, 125-150.Google Scholar
  24. Kessinger, R. H., & Blumstein, S. E. (1997). Effects of speaking rate on voice-onset time in Thai, French, and English. Journal of Phonetics, 25, 143-168. Google Scholar
  25. Kopczyński, A. (1977). Polish and American English consonant phonemes: A contrastive study. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.Google Scholar
  26. Levelt, W. J. M. (1989). Speaking: From intention to articulation. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  27. Lisker, L., & Abramson, A. S. (1964). A cross language study of voicing in initial stops: Acoustic measurements. Word, 20, 384-422.Google Scholar
  28. Magloire, J., & Green, K. (1999). A cross-language comparison of speaking rate effects on the production of Voice Onset Time in English and Spanish. Phonetica, 56, 158-185.Google Scholar
  29. Major, R. C. (2008). Transfer in second language phonology. In J. G. Hansen-Edwards, & M. L. Zampini (Eds.), Phonology and second language acquisition (pp. 63-94). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Google Scholar
  30. Miller, J. L., Green, K. P., & Reeves, A. (1986). Speaking rate and segments: A look at the relation between speech production and speech perception for the voicing contrast. Phonetica, 43, 104-115.Google Scholar
  31. Mikoś, M. J., Keating, P. A., & Moslin, B. J. (1978). The perception of voice onset time in Polish. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Suppl. 1 63, S19. Google Scholar
  32. Munro, M. J., Derwing, T. M., & Flege, J. E. (1999). Canadians in Alabama: A perceptual study of dialect acquisition in adults. Journal of Phonetics, 27, 385-403.Google Scholar
  33. Neuhauser, S. (2011). Foreign accent imitation and variation of VOT and voicing in plosives. International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, XVII, 1462-1465.Google Scholar
  34. Novoa, L., Fein, D., & Obler, L. K. (1988). Talent in foreign languages: A case study. In L. K. Obler, & D. Fein (Eds.), The exceptional brain: The neuropsychology of talent and special abilities (pp. 294-302). London: Giolford Press.Google Scholar
  35. Odlin, T. (1989). Language transfer: Cross-linguistic influence in language learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Osgood, C. A. (1946). Meaningful similarity and interference in learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 36, 277-301.Google Scholar
  37. Piske, T., MacKay, I. R. A., & Flege, J. E. (2001). Factors affecting degree of foreign accent in L2: A review. Journal of Phonetics, 29, 191-215.Google Scholar
  38. Purcell, E. T., & Suter, R. (1980). Predictors of pronunciation accuracy: A reexamination. Language Learning, 30, 271-287.Google Scholar
  39. Rojczyk. A. (2010). Temporal and spectral parameters in perception of the voicing contrast in English and Polish. Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.Google Scholar
  40. Rose, P. (2002). Forensic speaker identification. London, New York: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  41. Seliger, H. W., Krashen, S., & Ladefoged, P. (1975). Maturational constraints in the acquisition of second language accent. Language Sciences, 36, 20-22.Google Scholar
  42. Shepard, C. A., Giles, H., & Le Poire, B. A. (2001). Communication accommodation theory. In W. P. Robinson, & H. Giles (Eds.), The new handbook of language and social psychology (pp. 33-56). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  43. Storey, K. C. J. (1996). Consonants in auditory and acoustic voice analysis in forensic speaker identification in cases of disguised voice. In H. Kniffka, & S. Blackwell (Eds.), Recent developments in forensic linguistics (pp. 203-216). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  44. Suter, R. W. (1976). Predictors of pronunciation accuracy in second language learning. Language Learning, 26, 233-253.Google Scholar
  45. Sypiańska, J. & Olender, A. (2013). Phonetic awareness in Polish learners of English. Poznań Working Papers in Linguistics, 1(1): 1-9.Google Scholar
  46. Thompson, I. (1991). Foreign accents revisited: The English pronunciation of Russian immigrants. Language Learning, 41, 177-204. Google Scholar
  47. Trudgill, P. (1986). Dialects in contact. New York: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  48. Waniek-Klimczak, E. (2005). Temporal parameters in second language speech: An applied linguistics phonetics approach. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SilesiaKatowicePoland

Personalised recommendations