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Vowel Dynamics for Polish Learners of English

  • Geoffrey SchwartzEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)

Abstract

Vowels in most native varieties of English are characterized by dynamic changes in formant frequencies, an acoustic feature that has been found to be crucial for L1 listeners in vowel identification. By contrast, the acoustic realization of vowels in Polish is characterized by more stable formant patters. This paper presents an acoustic and perceptual study investigating the consequences of these differences for Polish learners of English. Acoustic data reveal that learners at a higher level of proficiency produce more robust formant dynamics. A listening test with L1 English listeners revealed that more dynamic vowel realizations are associated with higher ratings on a scale of foreign accentedness. The cross-language differences may be explained from the perspective of the Onset Prominence model, a theory of phonological representation in which certain ‘phonetic details’ may be attributed to phonological parameter settings.

Keywords

Advanced Learner Formant Movement Vowel Quality Acoustic Study Vowel Perception 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EnglishAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

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