DDT, Chlordane, Toxaphene and PCB Residues in Newport Bay and Watershed: Assessment of Hazard to Wildlife and Human Health

  • James L. ByardEmail author
  • Susan C. Paulsen
  • Ronald S. Tjeerdema
  • Deborah Chiavelli
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 235)


DDT, chlordane, toxaphene and the PCBs are persistent organochlorines that are still found in aquatic environments of Newport Bay and Watershed (Orange County, California), decades after their use was discontinued. Under the Clean Water Act, organochlorines are regulated by a total maximum daily load (TMDL) to achieve levels that protect wildlife and human health. Stakeholders in the Newport Bay Watershed and an Independent Advisory Panel (IAP) requested by the Regional Board and administered by Orange County have questioned the quality of the science used to establish TMDL targets by US EPA Region IX and the Santa Ana Regional Water Quality Control Board. This review brings together a number of technical reports written by stakeholder consultants that address the scientific basis for the organochlorine TMDLs for Newport Bay and Watershed.


Total Maximum Daily Load Minke Whale Eggshell Thickness Brown Pelican Lipid Weight Basis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank Sat Tamaribuchi for his leadership during a long and arduous regulatory proceeding. Thanks go to Doreen DiBiasio-Erwin for permissions and literature searches, and to Aaron Mead of Flow Science Incorporated for help with data, tables and figures. Thanks also go to Carla Navarro Woods, Reserve Manager, California Department of Fish and Game, and to Scott Thomas and Nancy Kenyon of the Audubon Society who provided osprey breeding data in Newport Bay and Watershed. The authors thank The Irvine Company for funding the technical analysis of the organochlorine TMDL issues and the writing of this review.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Byard
    • 1
    Email author
  • Susan C. Paulsen
    • 2
  • Ronald S. Tjeerdema
    • 3
  • Deborah Chiavelli
    • 4
  1. 1.Nevada CityUSA
  2. 2.ExponentIrvineUSA
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ToxicologyUniversity of California at DavisDavisUSA
  4. 4.Quantitative Environmental Analysis, LLCMontvaleUSA

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