• Samuel O. IdowuEmail author
Part of the CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance book series (CSEG)


Participation in social science refers to different mechanisms for the people to express opinions, and ideally and effectively exert influence—regarding political, economic, management or other social decisions. As opposed to autocratic ways, participation is defined as the engagement and involvement of the people or employees in the organization’s processes such as problem-solving and decision-making. When participating, employees can express their viewpoints, contributing their ideas and giving their inputs or feedback to their superiors as well as giving suggestions for improvements.


Corporate Social Responsibility Life Cycle Assessment Corporate Social Responsibility Activity Product Life Cycle Public Procurement 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LondonUK

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