Topology Preservation and Anatomical Feasibility in Random Walker Image Registration
The random walker image registration (RWIR) method is a powerful tool for aligning medical images that also provides useful uncertainty information. However, it is difficult to ensure topology preservation in RWIR, which is an important property in medical image registration as it is often necessary for the anatomical feasibility of an alignment. In this paper, we introduce a technique for determining spatially adaptive regularization weights for RWIR that ensure an anatomically feasible transformation. This technique only increases the run time of the RWIR algorithm by about 10%, and avoids over-smoothing by only increasing regularization in specific image regions. Our results show that our technique ensures topology preservation and improves registration accuracy.
KeywordsImage Registration Target Registration Error Uncertainty Information Deformable Image Registration Deformable Registration
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