Biolistic Transformation for Delivering DNA into the Mitochondria

  • Arianna Montanari
  • Monique Bolotin-Fukuhara
  • Mario Fazzi D’Orsi
  • Cristina De Luca
  • Michele M. Bianchi
  • Silvia Francisci
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)


Genetic transformation is defined as a process of introducing genetic material (i.e. DNA) into a cell that results in a heritable change. Many approaches now exist that allow routine transformation. Although the biolistic procedure is not the most widely applied transformation technique, it is a key method to modify the mitochondrial DNA (mitDNA) and is an advisable method for gene transfer into various organisms and tissues that have proved recalcitrant to more conventional means.

This method is widely used for Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial transformation. We describe here the methodology as well as the most important results which were obtained.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae Transformation of mitochondria Mitochondrial reverse genetics Mitochondrial diseases Genetic transformation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arianna Montanari
    • 1
  • Monique Bolotin-Fukuhara
    • 2
  • Mario Fazzi D’Orsi
    • 1
  • Cristina De Luca
    • 1
  • Michele M. Bianchi
    • 1
  • Silvia Francisci
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Biotechnologies “Charles Darwin”Sapienza University of Rome, Pasteur Institute-Cenci Bolognetti FoundationRomeItaly
  2. 2.Institut de Génétique e Microbiologie, Laboratoire de Génétique MoléculaireUniversité Paris-SudOrsay-CedexFrance

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