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The Effect of the Counter Electrode on Stimulation Electrode Lifetime

  • Naser Pour Aryan
  • Hans Kaim
  • Albrecht Rothermel
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering book series (BRIEFSELECTRIC, volume 78)

Abstract

In electrostimulation, if redox reactions occur, they always happen in two distinct but simultaneous oxidation and reduction half-reaction groups at anode and cathode, which are the working and the counter electrodes depending on the injected signal polarity. A half-reaction cannot happen without the occurrence of its complementary opposite counterpart. Therefore, the size and the material of the counter electrode affects the water window.

Keywords

Counter Electrode Stimulation Electrode Stimulation Pulse Galvanic Corrosion Faradaic Current 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference

  1. 1.
    Mandel Y, Goetz G, Lavinsky D, Huie P, Mathieson K, Wang L, Kamins T, Galambos L, Manivanh R, Harris J, Palanker D (2013) Cortical responses elicited by photovoltaic subretinal prostheses exhibit similarities to visually evoked potentials. Nature Communications 4, DOI  10.1038/ncomms2980

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naser Pour Aryan
    • 1
  • Hans Kaim
    • 1
  • Albrecht Rothermel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of MicroelectronicsUniversity of UlmUlmGermany

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