Advertisement

Experiments Hardware and Methods

  • Naser Pour Aryan
  • Hans Kaim
  • Albrecht Rothermel
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering book series (BRIEFSELECTRIC, volume 78)

Abstract

Three materials were extensively experimented with throughout the research here: TiN, iridium and iridium oxide (IrOx). The solution used in the experiments to mimic the surrounding tissue in the application is phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Before continuing with the investigation of different electrode materials and their characteristics, the hardware and methods developed and used here are explained briefly.

Keywords

Impedance Spectroscopy Counter Electrode Open Circuit Potential Resistance Switch Micro Electrode Array 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Cogan SF (2008) Neural stimulation and recording electrodes. Tech. rep., EIC LaboratoriesGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mansfeld F, Lin S, Chen Y, Shih H (1988) Minimization of high-frequency phase shifts in impedance measurements. Tech. rep.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Poppendieck W (2010) Untersuchungen zum Einsatz neuer Elektrodenmaterialien: Und deren Evaluation als Reiz- und Ableitelektrode. Südwestdeutscher Verlag, URL http://books.google.de/books?id=Z1xnRwAACAAJ
  4. 4.
    Pour Aryan N, Brendler C, Rieger V, Schleehauf S, Heusel G, Rothermel A (2012a) In vitro study of iridium electrodes for neural stimulation. In: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society,EMBC, 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEEGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pour Aryan N, Rieger V, Brendler C, Rothermel A (2012b) An economical and convenient experiment setup for electrode investigation. In: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society,EMBC, 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEEGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vanysek P, Birss V (2000) Potentiostat-induced artifacts in impedance measurements. Tech. rep., Northern Illinois UniversityGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weiland JD, Anderson DJ (2000) Chronic neural stimulation with thin-film, iridium oxide electrodes. Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on 47(7):911–918, DOI 10.1109/10.846685CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naser Pour Aryan
    • 1
  • Hans Kaim
    • 1
  • Albrecht Rothermel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of MicroelectronicsUniversity of UlmUlmGermany

Personalised recommendations