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The aim of tissue engineering is to develop cell, construct, and living system technologies to restore the structures and functions of damaged or degenerated tissues. Scaffolds are supporting materials used in tissue engineering applications to repair or restore damaged tissues. Biomaterials are used to fabricate scaffolds. There are different types of biomaterials including biopolymers, bioceramics and biodegradable metals. Biomaterials have to be biocompatible and non-toxic. To fabricate scaffold, appropriate biomaterial has to be chosen according to the desired characteristics and application of the scaffold. This chapter reviews different types of biomaterials for different tissue engineering applications.
KeywordsScaffolds Biopolymers Bioceramics Biomaterials for scaffolds
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