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Agriculture and Environmental Impacts of Glyphosate-Tolerant Soybean Cultivation in Romania

  • Elena Marcela BadeaEmail author
  • Ioan Păun Otiman
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 4)

Abstract

Glyphosate-resistant soybeans (GRS) were grown commercially in Romania beginning with1999 and accounted for 68 % (or 137,000 ha) of the entire soybean area planted in 2006. Since 2007, after its accession to the European Union (EU), the Romanian farmers’ access to the technology was banned. As a result, in only 2 years, the area planted to soybeans shrunk by 70 %, while Romania became a net importer of plant protein. In 2006 alone, the 137,300 ha planted to GRS received 176,388 kg of herbicides less than on the 53,500 ha planted to conventional soybeans. The environmental impact coefficient (EIQ) was about 70 % lower—both per hectare and for the entire GM cultivated area. If soybeans were planted on 500,000 ha—almost half of the area that lends itself well to this highly-important economic crop in Romania—the total amounts of herbicide ingredients applied would be 2,100,100 kg in case only conventional varieties were grown and 765,000 kg in case only RR varieties were grown. Which means that in case GRS were grown, the environment would be spared 1,335,000 kg of herbicide active ingredients, and the EIQ would be 67 % lower than for conventional crops.

Keywords

Status of soybean production Glyphosate-resistant soybean (GRS) Environmental impact of herbicide regimes Economic and environmental impacts of discontinuing GRS cultivation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Biochemistry of the Romanian AcademyBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Institute of Agricultural EconomicsRomanian AcademyBucharestRomania

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