Fluid Dynamics pp 241-289 | Cite as

Thermal Convection

Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)


Thermal convection is the transport of internal energy by the motion of a fluid. Two types of convection are usually distinguished: free or natural convection and forced convection. Natural convection is a fluid flow whose origin is always a thermal imbalance: it disappears when the temperature gradients vanish.


Nusselt Number Rayleigh Number Thermal Convection Boussinesq Approximation Critical Rayleigh Number 
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et PlanétologieUniversité Paul SabatierToulouseFrance

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