NoSQL Database: A Scalable, Availability, High Performance Storage for Big Data

  • Yu Huang
  • Tie-jian Luo
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8351)


This paper is focused on NoSQL databases which designed to handle the problem of storing large amounts of data. NoSQL database sacrifice some consistency to achieve horizontal scalability and high-performance. We aim at giving a systematic overview of NoSQL, introducing concepts, techniques and categories. For each category we give several typical NoSQL databases and discuss them in detail. Finally we analysis the challenges of NoSQL databases and give some predictions.


NoSQL database CAP theorem BASE theorem category horizontal data distribution weak consistency 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Huang
    • 1
  • Tie-jian Luo
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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