Attendance at/Participation in the Arts by Educational Level: Evidence and Issues

  • John O’Hagan


The socioeconomic composition of attendance at the arts has interested researchers and policy-makers for decades, with marked differences in attendance by social class, particularly educational level, persisting over time. Drawing on the 2012 US Public Participation in the Arts survey, and to a lesser extent a 2013 Eurobarometer survey, this chapter outlines attendance by educational level at arts events; and then considers differences by educational level in active participation in the arts. Such active participation includes attendance at classes in for example music or painting or dance, or creating art experiences at home or elsewhere. The reasons for the uneven pattern of attendance are then discussed and the article concludes with a short discussion of why these patterns have persisted for so long and the possible general policy implications.


The arts Cultural attendance Cultural participation Eurobarometer SPAA 



I would like to thank three anonymous referees for the journal from which this chapter is reproduced for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper, as well as Sara Mitchell for assistance in compiling some of the data relating to the US.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland

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