Advertisement

Attendance at/Participation in the Arts by Educational Level: Evidence and Issues

  • John O’Hagan
Chapter

Abstract

The socioeconomic composition of attendance at the arts has interested researchers and policy-makers for decades, with marked differences in attendance by social class, particularly educational level, persisting over time. Drawing on the 2012 US Public Participation in the Arts survey, and to a lesser extent a 2013 Eurobarometer survey, this chapter outlines attendance by educational level at arts events; and then considers differences by educational level in active participation in the arts. Such active participation includes attendance at classes in for example music or painting or dance, or creating art experiences at home or elsewhere. The reasons for the uneven pattern of attendance are then discussed and the article concludes with a short discussion of why these patterns have persisted for so long and the possible general policy implications.

Keywords

The arts Cultural attendance Cultural participation Eurobarometer SPAA 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank three anonymous referees for the journal from which this chapter is reproduced for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper, as well as Sara Mitchell for assistance in compiling some of the data relating to the US.

References

  1. Bunting, C., Chan, T., Goldthorpe, J., Keaney, E., & Oskala, A. (2008). From indifference to enthusiasm: Patterns of arts attendance in England. London: Arts Council of England.Google Scholar
  2. Chan, T., & Goldthorpe, J. (2007). Social stratification and cultural consumption: Music in England. European Sociological Review, 23, 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Di Maggio, P., & Mukhtar, T. (2004). Arts participation as cultural capital in the United States 1982-2002: Signs of decline? Poetics, 32, 169–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. European Commission. (2013). Special Eurobarometer 399, Cultural access and participation.Google Scholar
  5. Garfias, R. (1991). Cultural equity Part 1: Cultural diversity and the arts in America. In S. Benedict (Ed.), Public money and the muse (pp. 182–215). New York: Norton and Company.Google Scholar
  6. Keaney, E. (2008). Understanding arts audiences: Existing data and what it tells us. Cultural Trends, 17, 97–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lunn, P., & Kelly, E. (2008). In the frame or out of the picture? A statistical analysis of public involvement in the arts. Dublin: National Economic and Social Forum.Google Scholar
  8. National Endowment for the Arts. (2013). 2012 Survey of public participation in the arts. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts Research Division.Google Scholar
  9. Netzer, D. (1991, May). Distributional effects of cultural subsidies: Some conceptual questions and empirical evidence for the US. Paper presented at a conference in Venice.Google Scholar
  10. Notten, N., Lancee, B., van de Werfhorst, H. G., & Ganzeboom, H. B. (2015). Educational stratification in cultural participation: Cognitive competence or status motivation? Journal of Cultural Economics, 39(2), 177–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. O’Hagan, J. (1996). Access to and participation in the arts: The case of those with low incomes/educational attainment. Journal of Cultural Economics, 20, 269–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. O’Hagan, J. (1998). The state and the arts: An analysis of key economic policy issues in Europe and the United States. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  13. O’Hagan, J. (2010). The arts and the wealth of nations: The role of the state. Journal of Irish and Scottish Studies, 2, 40–52.Google Scholar
  14. O’Hagan, J. (2012). Tax expenditures: Pervasive, ‘hidden’ and undesirable subsidies to the arts? Homo Oeconomicus, 29, 95–118.Google Scholar
  15. Palma, M. L., Palma, L., & Aguado, L. F. (2013). Determinants of cultural and popular celebration attendance: The case study of Seville spring fiestas. Journal of Cultural Economics, 37, 87–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vander Stichele, A., & Laermans, R. (2006). Cultural participation in Flanders: Testing the cultural omnivore thesis with population data. Poetics, 34, 45–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Yoshitomi, G. (1991). Cultural equity Part 2: Cultural democracy. In S. Benedict (Ed.), Public money and the muse (pp. 216–252). New York: Norton and Company.Google Scholar
  18. Zieba, M., & O’Hagan, J. (2013). Demand for live orchestral music – The case of German Kulturorchester. Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, 235, 225–245.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations