Using Confidence as Feedback in Multi-sized Learning Environments

  • Thomas L. Hench
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 439)


This paper describes the use of existing confidence and performance data to provide feedback by first demonstrating the data’s fit to a simple linear model. The paper continues by showing how the model’s use as a benchmark provides feedback to allow current or future students to infer either the difficulty or the degree of under or over confidence associated with a specific question. Next, the paper introduces Confidence/Performance Indicators as graphical representations of this feedback and concludes with an evaluation of s trial use in an online setting. Findings support the efficacy of using of the Indicators to provide feedback to encourage students in multi-sized learning environments to reflect upon and rethink their choices, with future work focusing on the effectiveness of Indicator use on performance.


confidence feedback multi-sized learning environments 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas L. Hench
    • 1
  1. 1.Delaware County Community CollegeMediaUSA

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