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Enhancing Mobility Using Innovative Technologies and Highly Flexible Autonomous Vehicles

  • Timo BirnscheinEmail author
  • Christian Oekermann
  • Mehmed Yüksel
  • Benjamin Girault
  • Roman Szczuka
  • David Grünwald
  • Sven Kroffke
  • Mohammed Ahmed
  • Yong-Ho Yoo
  • Frank Kirchner
Conference paper
  • 2k Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mobility book series (LNMOB)

Abstract

The combination of automobiles and typical robotic technologies such as high computational power, advanced exteroceptive sensors, and complex control algorithms can lead to a new kind of mobility. Features like extended maneuverability, autonomous driving systems, and new safety features become imaginable. To create the best combination of both fields, a new design philosophy is required. At DFKI, we have developed two generations of innovative concept cars (EO smart connecting car 1 and 2) with the intention to build the bridge between robotics and cars. The development of key parts like suspension, drivetrain, electrical steering, and braking system is more interconnected than in conventional vehicles. In this paper, we describe the development process of EO smart connecting car 2 - a highly innovative and fully functional robotic electric vehicle XE "electric vehicle" with double Ackermann steering, the ability to turn on the spot, go sideways, drive diagonally, change ride height, and shrink by adjusting the position of its rear axle and tilting the cabin as well as docking at charging stations and extension modules. Detailed information of the utilization of Rapid Control Prototyping, and optimization strategies will be given as well as the design constraints for these technologies. Finally, the conclusion section will cover problems and challenges that had to be overcome and future work that will follow.

Keywords

Electric Vehicle Autonomy Artificial Intelligence Drive by Wire Hardware-in-the-loop Software-in-the-loop real-time control path following simulation construction 

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References

  1. 1.
    Birnschein, T., Kirchner, F., Girault, B., Yueksel, M., Machowinski, J.: An innovative, comprehensive concept for energy efficient electric mobility - eo smart connecting car. In: IEEE International Energy Conference and Exhibition (EnergyCon-2012), Towards User-Centric Smart Systems, Florence, Italy, pp. 1028–1033 (September 9, 2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ahmed, M., Oekermann, C., Kirchner, F.: Simulation environment for mechanical design optimization with evolutionary algorithms. In: World Symposium on Computer Applications & Research WSCAR 2014, International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI 2014), Sousse, Tunisia, January 18-20. IEEE (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yüksel, M., Ahmed, M., Girault, G., Birnschein, T., Kirchner, F.: A Framework for Design, Test and Validation of Electric Car Modules. In: Fischer-Wolfarth, J., Meyer, G. (eds.) Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Appli-cations 2014 – Smart Systems for Safe, Clean and Automated Vehicles (AMAA 2014). Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timo Birnschein
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Oekermann
    • 1
  • Mehmed Yüksel
    • 1
  • Benjamin Girault
    • 1
  • Roman Szczuka
    • 1
  • David Grünwald
    • 1
  • Sven Kroffke
    • 1
  • Mohammed Ahmed
    • 1
  • Yong-Ho Yoo
    • 1
  • Frank Kirchner
    • 2
  1. 1.German Research Center for Artificial IntelligenceDFKI GmbH - Robotics Innovation CenterBremenGermany
  2. 2.DFKI GmbH - Robotics Innovation Center, Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of BremenBremenGermany

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