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Thermophilic Bacilli and their Enzymes in Composting

  • Abhishek Bhattacharya
  • Brett I. PletschkeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 3)

Abstract

Thermophilic Bacilli play a key role in the biocomposting process. Methods for analysing microbial diversity and community structure during composting have been especially helpful in characterising this process more completely. Thermophilic Bacilli account for the most prevalent group of thermophiles present in compost and the role of these bacteria in composting is highlighted. The spectrum of thermophilic Bacilli and the progression of their enzymes during the composting process are discussed, with a special emphasis on cellulolytic thermophilic Bacilli and cellulases. Finally, the ecological and economic impacts, as well as future prospects of composting are also discussed.

Keywords

Bacillus Cellulases Composting Enzymes Thermophilic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude to Rhodes University for granting A.B. a Rhodes University Postdoctoral Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and MicrobiologyRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa

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