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Bio-composting of Aquatic Biomass Residue and its Amendments in Soil Reclamation

  • Dinesh Kumar MaheshwariEmail author
  • Mohit Agarwal
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 3)

Abstract

The practice of solid waste treatment known from Biblical era to present era, composting is significantly subsidize and manage natural resources defined as renewable, biodegradable organic matter generated through life processes. Composting under variety of applications is quite important for farming with interesting aspect of large cultivation of aquatic plants and it’s composting to generate animal feed, soil amendments and other energy sources. Interestingly, microbial population associated with decaying litter of macrophytes utilizes organic matter and facilitate degradation of cell wall polymers of plant detritus. Eichhornia crassipes is a troublesome aquatic weed of water body habitant. On after compost, it is found similar to organic compost or bio-dung. Similarly, Ipomoea aquatica is favorable compost with composition of moisture, crude oil, crude fiber, carbohydrate, crude protein and mineral elements including K, Fe, Mn, Zn, Na, Ca and Mg. Compost of both plant residues is entirely suitable as organic manure which, off-set the cost of fertilizers in farming system. Addition of compost corroborates nutrients, micronutrients and organic matter availability to soil and favor growth/activity of symbiotic bacteria resulting into improved biomass. The immense importance of organic manures/compost in the form of humus rich with plant nutrients increases the fertility of several kind of soil. Though, chemical fertilizer thought as only way to increase soil fertility, but severally effects soil fertility too. So, in this scenario, composting for agricultural benefits is the need of today to help in reclamation of waste lands. It is an effective way to stepping out agricultural production and extension of area for cultivation through reclamation of waste lands. Millions of farmers in developing countries need adequate resources for augmenting the crop productivity, and ensuring continued maintenance and building up of the soil fertility for greater productivity from agro-waste residues.

Keywords

Aquatic biomass Eichhornia crassipes Ipomoea aquatica Bioconversion Lignocellulosics Soil fertility 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany and MicrobiologyGurukul Kangri UniversityHaridwarIndia

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