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Ecological Intensification through Nutrients Recycling and Composting in Organic Farming

  • Francesco G. CeglieEmail author
  • Hamada M. Abdelrahman
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 3)

Abstract

In organic agriculture fertilizers are permitted in organic forms, as defined by regulation. Mineralization of organic fertilizers is a biological decomposition that release plants’ available nutrients; hence soil microbial communities are vital in the organic cropping systems. Composting microorganisms can work for the farmer’s benefit recycling agricultural organic wastes into materials that contribute to healthy and biologically active soil. Composting process has been deeply described to highlight the link among starting mixture, process factors and final resulting compost. Composting and crop residues incorporation are fundamental to recycle resources at farm level to improve the nutrients use efficiency and to decrease the off-farm input needs. In the organic farming a balanced combination of compost application and crop residues incorporation increases the microbial carbon use efficiency, which regulates the soil organic matter decomposition and nutrients mineralization resulting both to increase the yield and to decrease the negative impact on the environment.

Keywords

Crop residues recycling Microbial C Nutrients use efficiency On-farm input C/N ratio 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Organic Farming Dept.Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari—CIHEAM-IAMBValenzanoItaly
  2. 2.Soil Science Dept., Faculty of AgricultureCairo UniversityGiza 12613Egypt

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