Basic Research on the Factors Influencing Perception of Texture from Images
We conduct a subjective evaluation experiment by using the semantic differential method to examine the relation between the shape, color and size of an object in an image and the emergence of texture perception. The experiment consists of an evaluation survey on the perceived texture of a visual stimulus displayed on a monitor. The stimulus is a simple shape (ball, cylinder or box) created using a computer graphics application; ach shape appears in one of three colors (red, blue or green) and at one of two sizes (large or small) for a total of 18 distinct stimuli. The factors were extracted from the data by principal factor analysis, and the factor loadings were calculated by promax rotation. Furthermore, the relations between each factor and texture perception were examined through Hayashi’s first quantification method, a kind of regression analysis.
The results indicated relations between each item and the sensations of smoothness, hardness and moistness, which are considered to be representative of texture perception.
Keywordsmaterial perception “Shitsukan” semantic differential method Hayashi’s first quantification method
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