Effects of Type and Strength of Force Feedback on the Path of Movement in a Target Selection Task
New flight deck technologies being developed under the proposed NextGen National Airspace System will require precise and efficient input from flight crews. The benefits of force feedback for these types of inputs in terms of a reduction in overall movement times have been shown in the past; however, an important component of input efficiency is the path taken by the cursor. The present study investigates the effects of multiple levels of two types of force feedback (gravitational and spring forces) on the path of movement for a target selection task. Mean square error from an ideal straight line path and cursor speeds in terms of the distance from the target were measured. Results suggest that increasing the gravitational force has an effect on path error at short distances and produces higher cursor speeds as the target is approached.
KeywordsHaptic and Tactile interaction Multimodal interaction Force Feedback Input Devices
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Federal Aviation Administration, FAA’s NextGen implementation plan. Federal Aviation Administration (2013)Google Scholar
- 2.Granada, S., Dao, A.Q., Wong, D., Johnson, W.W., Battiste, V.: Development and integration of a human-centered volumetric cockpit display for distributed air-ground operations. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (2005)Google Scholar
- 3.Park, E., et al.: Development of Haptic Assistance for Route Assessment Tool of NASA NextGen Cockpit Situation Display. In: Yamamoto, S. (ed.) HIMI/HCII 2013, Part II. LNCS, vol. 8017, pp. 163–172. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)Google Scholar
- 4.Robles, J., Sguerri, M., Rorie, C., Vu, K.-P.L., Strybel, T.Z., Marayong, P.: Integration framework for NASA NextGen volumetric cockpit situation display with haptic feedback. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pp. 1033–1037 (2012)Google Scholar
- 5.Rorie, R.C., Bertolotti, H., Strybel, T., Vu, K.-P.L., Marayong, P., Robles, J.J.: Effect of force feedback on an aimed movement task. In: Landry, S. (ed.) Advances in Human Aspects of Aviation, pp. 633–642. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2012)Google Scholar
- 6.Rorie, R.C., Vu, K.-P.L., Marayong, P., Robles, J., Strybel, T.Z., Battiste, V.: Effects of Type and Strength of Force Feedback on Movement Time in a Target Selection Task. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 57th Annual Meeting, pp. 36–40 (2013)Google Scholar
- 7.Ahlstrom, D.: Modeling and improving selection in cascading pull-down menus using Fitts’ law, the steering law and force fields. In: Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Portland, OR, pp. 61–70 (2005)Google Scholar
- 9.Oakley, I., McGee, M.R., Brewster, S., Gray, P.: Putting the feel in “look and feel”. In: Proceedings of CHI 2000 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, The Hague, Netherlands (2000)Google Scholar
- 11.Hwang, F., Keates, S., Langdon, P., Clarkson, P.J.: Multiple haptic targets for motion-impaired users. In: Proceedings of the CHI 2003, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, pp. 41–48 (2003)Google Scholar