A Study of Cultural Reflection in Egyptian Government Websites

  • Nouf Khashman
  • Elaine Ménard
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8518)


Culture is arguably an important consideration when designing websites because it influences users’ needs and expectations as they come to the site. Ten government websites from Egypt were evaluated in 2010 and 2014, before and after the break of the Arab Spring. By utilizing Hofstede’s model of cultural dimensions, the objective is to identify whether cultural-specific design elements have changed over time. The results suggest that the designs of these websites have changed and that they did not fully reflect design characteristics inferred from Hofstede’s model.


Web design Egypt Culture Hofstede 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nouf Khashman
    • 1
  • Elaine Ménard
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Information StudiesMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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