Using VR for Complex Product Design

  • Loukas Rentzos
  • Charalampos Vourtsis
  • Dimitris Mavrikios
  • George Chryssolouris
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8526)


Virtual reality is a key technology for the designing of products through complex human-product interactions. This paper deals with the development of a product design method for complex human-product interactions, using the virtual reality (VR) technology. This VR method uses the graph theory in order for the complexity of the designed product to be measured on the basis of human task analysis. The latter is for the purpose of recording and analyzing the human-product interactions within an immersive simulation session. The proposed method undergoes tests in a realistic aerospace case.


Product Design Product Complexity Immersive Environment Virtual Prototyping 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Chryssolouris, G.: Manufacturing Systems: Theory and Practice, 2nd edn., p. 606. Springer, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Makris, S., Rentzos, L., Pintzos, G., Mavrikios, D., Chryssolouris, G.: Semantic-based taxonomy for immersive product design using VR techniques. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology 61(1), 147–150 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Suh, N.P.: Theory of complexity, periodicity and the design axioms. Research in Engineering Design - Theory, Applications, and Concurrent Engineering 11(2), 116–131 (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pahl, G., Beitz, W.: Engineering Design: A Systematic Approach. Springer, New York (1996)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boothroyd, G., Dewhurst, P., Knight, W.: Product Design for Manufacture and Assembly. Dekker, New York (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Braha, D., Maimon, O.: The measurement of a design structural and functional complexity. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Part A: Systems and Humans 28(4), 527–535 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    El-Haik, B., Yang, K.: The components of complexity in engineering design. IIE Transactions (Institute of Industrial Engineers) 31(10), 925–934 (1999)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ahn, J., Crawford, R.: Complexity analysis of computational engineering design processes. In: Proceedings of the 1994 ASME Design Technical Conferences, Minneapolis, MN, USA, vol. 68, pp. 205–220. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Design Engineering Division (1994)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Simon, H.: The sciences of the artificial. MIT Press, Cambridge (1998)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balazs, M.E., Brown, D.: Design Simplification by Analogical Reasoning. In: Cugini, Wozny (eds.) From Knowledge Intensive CAD to Knowledge Intensive Engineering (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Summers, J.D., Shah, J.J.: Mechanical Engineering Design Complexity Metrics: Size, coupling, and solvability. Journal of Mechanical Design, Transactions of the ASME 132(2), 0210041–02100411 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ameri, F., Summers, J.D., Mocko, G.M., Porter, M.: Engineering design complexity: An investigation of methods and measures. Research in Engineering Design 19(2-3), 161–179 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Airbus Flight Crew Operating Manual A319/A320/A321 Flight Operations 3Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Loukas Rentzos
    • 1
  • Charalampos Vourtsis
    • 1
  • Dimitris Mavrikios
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasGreece

Personalised recommendations