Sense of Presence and Metacognition Enhancement in Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in the Treatment of Social Phobias and the Fear of Flying

  • Ioannis Paliokas
  • Athanasios Tsakiris
  • Athanasios Vidalis
  • Dimitrios Tzovaras
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8526)


The aim of this research effort is to identify feeling-of-presence and metacognitive amplifiers over existing well-established VRET treatment methods. Patient real time projection in virtual environments during stimuli exposure and electroencephalography (EEG) report sharing are among the techniques, which have been used to achieve the desired result. Initialized from theoretical inferences, is moving towards a proof-of-concept prototype, which has been developed as a realization of the proposed method. The evaluation of the prototype made possible with an expert team of 28 therapists testing the fear of public speaking and fear of flying case studies.


Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy Anxiety Disorders Sense of Presence Metacognition Fear of Public Speech Fear of Flying 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis Paliokas
    • 1
  • Athanasios Tsakiris
    • 1
  • Athanasios Vidalis
    • 2
  • Dimitrios Tzovaras
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Research and Technology Hellas-CERTHInformation Technologies Institute-ITIThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Pan-Hellenic General Hospital Psychiatric SocietyThessalonikiGreece

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