Conclusion-Organized Criminals Without Borders

  • Thomas BarkerEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


Our discussion of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs concludes with an examination of the expansion of the One Percenter biker culture throughout the world. The outlaw motorcycle gang phenomenon that began in California in the 1950s has now become a transnational organized crime threat. The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club has chapters on every continent except Antarctica. American-based Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, such as the Hells Angels, Outlaws MC, and the Bandidos MC, have more chapters outside the United States than in the US. Other American-based Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs have exported their criminal activities beyond our borders and now indigenous Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs outside the United States are expanding.


Police Officer Organize Crime Organize Crime Group International Expansion Criminal Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eastern Kentucky UniversityRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations