Use of a Cognitive Simulator to Enhance Students’ Mental Simulation Activities
We developed a cognitive simulator of the dual storage model of the human memory system that simulates the serial position effect of a traditional memory recall experiment. In a cognitive science class, participants learned cognitive information processing while observing the memory processes visualized by the simulator. Through the practice, we confirmed that participants learned to predict experimental results in assumed situations implying that participants successfully constructed a mental model and performed mental simulations while running the mental model in various settings. We discuss the possibility that a cognitive model can be used as a learning tool and, more specifically, as a mediator tool connecting theory and empirical data.
Keywordsmental model cognitive model mental simulation cognitive science class
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Anderson, J.R.: Rules of the mind. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers (1993)Google Scholar
- 2.Atkinson, R.C., Shiffrin, R.M.: Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In: Spence, K.W., Spence, J.T. (eds.) The Psychology of Learning and Motivation: Advances in Research and Theory, vol. 2, pp. 89–105 (1968)Google Scholar