Advertisement

Reading Metres: Vision, Instrumentation and Evaluation in Voluntary Post-licence Training for Older Drivers

  • Mirka RauniomaaEmail author
  • Eric Laurier
  • Heikki Summala
Chapter
Part of the International Perspectives on Aging book series (Int. Perspect. Aging, volume 10)

Abstract

Out-of-home mobility, that is the possibility for individuals to move and participate in activities outside their immediate home environment, contributes to the overall well-being of older members of society. Private car travel, as one means of mobility, enables seniors to continue leading active, autonomous lives but, at the same time, requires skills and abilities that they may be losing or lacking. The chapter provides a social-interactional perspective into mobility at an older age: it adopts a qualitative research approach, ethnomethodological conversation analysis and draws on audio and video recordings of voluntary post-licence training to examine how older drivers may take up and deal with possibly age-related challenges as they drive in real traffic in real time. The chapter focuses on a 2-min fragment of such a journey and explores how a potential problem in the driving activity emerges; how it is used as a basis for instruction on the one hand, and for self-reflection on the other; and, finally, how old age as a category is first evoked and then dismissed in interaction.

Keywords

Senior Citizen Lane Change Real Traffic Driving Activity Small Talk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Rauniomaa would like to acknowledge the Academy of Finland (decision number 251757) and the Oulu University Research Council for granting funding that made the preparation and completion of this chapter possible. Rauniomaa would also like to acknowledge the FLARE programme and fellows for making up such an encouraging and inspiring research community. The authors wish to thank Dr. Fredrica Nyqvist, Dr. Anja K. Leist and Dr. Jenni Kulmala for the opportunity to contribute to the book and the support that they provided throughout the publication process. The authors are grateful to Dr. Tiina Keisanen for providing invaluable feedback on a previous version of this chapter and to other colleagues who have commented on the study on various occasions.

References

  1. Adler G, Rottunda S (2006) Older adults’ perspectives on driving cessation. J Aging Stud 20(3):227–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alsnih R, Hensher DA (2003) The mobility and accessibility expectations of seniors in an aging population. Transp Res A 37(10):903–916Google Scholar
  3. Bartley M, O’Neill D (2010) Transportation and driving in longitudinal studies on ageing. Age Ageing 39(5):631–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Charlton JL, Oxley J, Fildes B et al (2006) Characteristics of older drivers who adopt self-regulatory driving behaviours. Transp Res F 9(5):363–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Davey JA (2007) Older people and transport: coping without a car. Ageing Soc 27(1):49–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Francis D, Hester S (eds) (2004) An invitation to ethnomethodology: language, society and interaction. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Gandolfi J (2010) Infrastructure and older driver risk: a literature review. In: Box E, Gandolfi J, Mitchell K (eds) Maintaining safe mobility for the ageing population: the role of the private car. RAC Foundation, London, pp 97–162Google Scholar
  8. Garfinkel H (1984/1967) Studies in ethnomethodology. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Gibson W, Webb H, vom Lehn D (2011) Reconstituting social praxis: an ethnomethodological analysis of video data in optometry consultations. Int J Soc Res Methodol 14(3):207–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haddington P (2010) Turn-taking for turntaking: mobility, time, and action in sequential organisation of junction negotiations in cars. Res Lang Soc Interact 43(4):372–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Haddington P, Keisanen T (2009) Location, mobility and the body as resources in selecting a route. J Pragmat 41(10):1938–1961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hatakka M, Keskinen E, Gregersen NP et al (2002) From control of the vehicle to personal self-control; broadening the perspectives to driver education. Transp Res F 5(3):201–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Heritage J (1984) Garfinkel and ethnomethodology. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  14. Holland C, Kellaher L, Peace S et al (2005) Getting out and about. In: Walker A (ed) Understanding quality of life in old age. Open University Press, Maidenhead, pp 49–63Google Scholar
  15. Jefferson G (2004) Glossary of transcript symbols with an introduction. In: Lerner G (ed) Conversation analysis. Studies from the first generation. Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp 13–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Keisanen T (2012) “Uh-oh, we were going there”: environmentally occasioned noticings of trouble in in-car interaction. Semiotica 191(1/4):197–222Google Scholar
  17. Metz DH (2000) Mobility of older people and their quality of life. Transport Policy 7:149–152Google Scholar
  18. Mollenkopf H, Marcellini F, Ruoppila I et al (2002) The role of driving in maintaining mobility in later life: a European view. Gerontechnology 1(4):231–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Molnar LJ, Charlton JL, Eby DW et al (2013) Self-regulation of driving by older adults: comparison of self-report and objective driving data. Transp Res F 20:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Musselwhite CBA, Haddad H (2010) Exploring older drivers’ perceptions of driving. Eur J Ageing 7(3):181–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Musselwhite CBA, Shergold I (2013) Examining the process of driving cessation in later life. Eur J Ageing 10(2):89–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nasvadi GE (2007) Changes in self-reported driving behaviour following attendance at a mature driver education program. Transp Res F 10(4):358–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Raitanen T, Törmäkangas T, Mollenkopf H et al (2003) Why do older drivers reduce driving? Findings from three European countries. Transp Res F 6(2):81–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rauniomaa M, Keisanen T (2012) Two multimodal formats for responding to requests. J Pragmat 44(6–7):829–842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ryave AL, Schenkein JN (1974) Notes on the art of walking. In: Turner R (ed) Ethnomethodology: selected readings. Penguin, Harmondsworth, pp 265–274Google Scholar
  26. Sacks H (1992) Lectures on conversation, vol 1. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  27. Schegloff EA (1968) Sequencing in conversational openings. Am Anthropol 70(6):1075–1095Google Scholar
  28. Schegloff EA (2007) Sequence organization in interaction: a primer in conversation analysis I. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Schegloff EA, Sacks H (1973) Opening up closings. Semiotica 8(4):289–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Siren A, Hakamies-Blomqvist L (2009) Mobility and well-being in old age. Top Geriatr Rehabil 25(1):3–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Siren A, Meng A (2013) Older drivers’ self-assessed driving skills, driving-related stress and self-regulation in traffic. Transp Res F 17:88–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stivers T, Rossano F (2010) Mobilizing response. Res Lang Soc Interact 43(1):3–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Stokoe EH (2012) Moving forward with membership categorization analysis: methods for systematic analysis. Discourse Stud 14(3):277–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Summala H, Lehtonen E, Dahlström I, Hiltunen H, Hietamäki J, Pekkanen J (2011) Ajamaan uudelleen tauon jälkeen? Ikäkuljettajien koulutuskokeilu automaatti- ja käsivälitteisellä autolla. Trafis Publications 13/2011Google Scholar
  35. Vehviläinen S (2010) Evaluative advice in educational counseling: the use of disagreement in the “stepwise entry” to advice. Res Lang Soc Interact 34(3):371–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Watson R (1999) Driving in forests and mountains: a pure and applied ethnography. Ethnogr Stud 4:50–60Google Scholar
  37. Webber SC, Porter MM, Menec VH (2010) Mobility in older adults: a comprehensive framework. Gerontologist 50(4):443–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wikman AS, Summala H (2005) Aging and time sharing in highway driving. Optom Vis Sci 82(8):716–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of HumanitiesUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.School of GeoSciencesUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Traffic Research Unit, Institute of Behavioural SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations