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Social Capital, Mental Well-Being, and Loneliness in Older People

  • Fredrica NyqvistEmail author
  • Mima Cattan
Chapter
Part of the International Perspectives on Aging book series (Int. Perspect. Aging, volume 10)

Abstract

An increasing body of research has used the concept of social capital to explain health and well-being inequalities. Still, relatively few studies have specifically focused on older people. Our prime interest in this chapter concerns the concepts of social capital and mental well-being and the meaning of social capital for mental well-being in terms of absence of loneliness in older people. We focus on two commonly used aspects of social capital, structural and cognitive, and their association with loneliness by analyzing the European Social Survey data for three countries. Our analyses suggest that there are differences in social capital, in terms of social contacts and trust, and loneliness between Finland, Poland, and Spain. In general, older people in Finland report lower levels of loneliness and higher levels of social capital. The level of loneliness tends to be lower with high levels of social capital; however, this association differs between the studied countries. The findings are discussed within the framework of active and healthy ageing policies and welfare state regime contexts.

Keywords

Social Capital Healthy Ageing Positive Mental Health European Social Survey Welfare Regime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work by Fredrica Nyqvist was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant number 250054) as part of the FLARE-2 programme. We would like to thank Gunborg Jakobsson for her helpful comments and suggestions on earlier draft of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mental Health Promotion Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)VaasaFinland
  2. 2.Faculty of Health and Social SciencesNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

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