Application of Carbon Nanotubes for Plant Genetic Transformation

  • Olga M. Burlaka
  • Yaroslav V. Pirko
  • Alla I. Yemets
  • Yaroslav B. BlumeEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 156)


In this chapter, the current state of using carbon nanotubes (CNTs; single- and multi-walled) that have attracted great interdisciplinary interest in recent decades due to their peculiar properties for genetic transformation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells will be enlightened. The covalent and non-covalent surface chemistry for the CNT functionalization with focus on the potential applications of surface modifications in design of biocompatible CNTs will be discussed. The properties of CNTs that are favorable for biotechnological use and current status of technical approaches that allow the increase in biocompatibility and lower nanotoxicity of engineered CNTs will be described. Decisions proposed by non-covalent surface modification of CNTs will be discussed. Existing data concerning mechanisms of CNT cell entry and factors governing toxicity, cellular uptake, intracellular traffic, and biodegradation of CNTs along with bioavailability of molecular cargoes of loaded CNTs will be discussed. Eco-friendly production of water dispersions of biologically functionalized multi-walled and single-walled CNTs for use as nano-vehicles for the DNA delivery in plant genetic transformation of plants will be described. The background, advantages, and problems of using CNTs in developing of novel methods of genetic transformation, including plant genetic transformation, will be highlighted. Special attention will be paid to the limitations of conventional gene transfer techniques and promising features of CNT-based strategies having improved efficacy, reproducibility, and accuracy along with less time consumption. Issues impeding manipulation of CNTs such as entangled bundle formation, low water solubility, inert properties of pristine CNTs, etc., and ways to solve arising tasks will be overviewed.


Covalent Functionalization Pristine CNTs Immobilize Cellulase Plant Genetic Transformation Molecular Cargo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga M. Burlaka
    • 1
  • Yaroslav V. Pirko
    • 1
  • Alla I. Yemets
    • 1
  • Yaroslav B. Blume
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Food Biotechnology and GenomicsNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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