Genetic Algorithm Based Prediction of an Optimum Parametric Combination for Minimum Thrust Force in Bone Drilling

  • Rupesh Kumar Pandey
  • Sudhansu Sekhar Panda
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 265)


Drilling operation on bone for screw insertion to fix the broken bones or for the fixation of implants during orthopaedic surgery is highly sensitive. It demands for minimum drilling damage of bone for proper fixation and quick recovery postoperatively. The aim of the present study is to find out an optimum combination of bone drilling parameters (feed rate and spindle speed) for minimum thrust force during bone drilling using genetic algorithm (GA). Central composite design is employed to carry out the bone drilling experiments and based on the experimental results, a response surface model was developed. This model is used as a fitness function for genetic algorithm (GA). The investigation showed that the GA technique can efficaciously estimate the optimal setting of bone drilling parameters for minimum thrust force value. The suggested approach can be very useful for orthopaedic surgeons to perform minimally invasive drilling of bone.


Bone drilling Thrust force Response surface methodology Genetic algorithm 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology PatnaPatnaIndia

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