What Are the Main Options for Applying the Multiple-Use Water Services Paradigm?

  • Čedo Maksimović
  • Mathew KurianEmail author
  • Reza Ardakanian
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


This brief asks the question, what are the main options to apply the MUS paradigm in urban environments? It breaks down the various components and provides cost–benefit analyses for the various components along with challenges and considerations for both the short and long terms. The brief includes a section on the MUS approach and a means to calculate the value of MUS systems, as well as provides tools and resources to support urban blue-green design. Comprised of actual and potential options for decision makers and policy makers to integrate blue and green measures that target the optimal synergies between interventions and techniques with the purpose of delivering multiple benefits, reproducing the natural pre-development process to the best possible degree and boosting ecosystem services.


ESS Green roof Green walls Infiltration trench MUS MUSIC Permeable pavement Rain gardens Retention ponds Swales SWMM Urban agriculture Urban water management UWOT WASP 


Keywords and Definitions


Ecosystem Services

Green roof

Roof of a building that is entirely or to an extent covered with vegetation planted over a waterproofing membrane

Green walls

Vertical plants either grown on freestanding structures or attached to interior or exterior walls

Infiltration trench

Excavation filled with permeable material, such as rock and gravel, which is used to capture, treat, store and infiltrate storm water, enhancing the natural capacity of the ground to store and drain


Multiple use water services


Model for urban storm water improvement conceptualisation

Permeable pavement

Method of paving that allows water to infiltrate into the ground as it falls rather than running off into piped storm water drainage system

Rain gardens

Shallow planted depressions designed to receive rainwater from hard surfaces such as roofs, paved areas or roads

Retention ponds

Provide both storm water attenuation and treatment, while supporting emergent and submerged aquatic vegetation along their shoreline


Shallow, broad and vegetated channels filled with porous filter media to provide on-site treatment of storm water run-off


Storm water management model

Urban agriculture

Practice of cultivating crops for food in cities

Urban water management

Emphasises decentralised storm water and rainwater management, such as Low Impact Development (LID) for USA, Decentralized Urban Design (DUD) for Germany, Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) of Australia, Sound Water Cycle on National Planning (SWCNP) for Japan and Smart Watergy City (SWC) for South Korea


Bottom up (micro-component based) urban water cycle model that uses an alternative approach based on the generation, aggregation and transmission of a demand signal, starting from the household water appliances and moving towards the source




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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Čedo Maksimović
    • 1
  • Mathew Kurian
    • 2
    Email author
  • Reza Ardakanian
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.UNU-FLORESUnited Nations UniversityDresdenGermany

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