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A Brief History of Polymeric Cryogels

  • Vladimir I. LozinskyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 263)

Abstract

Polymeric cryogels, the gels formed in moderately frozen gelling systems, have been empirically known for many decades, but systematic scientific research on various cryogels and the peculiarities of cryotropic gel formation only commenced at the beginning of the 1980s. This historical review briefly describes the principal stages of the studies on these very interesting gel materials. It also discusses some mechanisms of their formation, as well as summarizes published data on the main representatives of chemically crosslinked (covalent), ionically linked, and noncovalent (physical) cryogels.

Keywords

Polymeric cryogels Cryogel history Moderately frozen gelling systems Cryotropic gelation processes 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The author expresses his great appreciation to Oguz Okay for very productive discussions on polymeric cryogels and for help in preparation of the present review. The work was supported in parts by a grant from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR Project # 12-03-00216-a), as well as by a joint Russian–Turkish grant from RFBR and the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (Project # 12-03-91371-CT-a).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Cryochemistry of (Bio)Polymers, A. N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement CompoundsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

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