Materials and Methods

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


In this thesis, I present results of the studies conducted in 2007–2012 in selected small catchments and study sites located in the upper (valley heads), middle and lower (outlet fans) sections of catchments. Due to the diversity of sites studied in each of them, different sets of research methods were used. The methods applied were divided into four groups according to their objectives. Methods used for: relief analysis (geomorphic mapping, morphometric analysis, terrain profiles, analysis of aerial photographs), analysis of bedrock and sediment composition (mapping of surface deposits, lithofacies analysis, analysis of organic carbon content and grain roundness in deposits, electrical resistivity tomography), analysis of past environmental change in catchments (analysis of plant macrofossils from deposits and archival maps), absolute dating and evaluation of relief dynamics (radiocarbon dating, dendrochronological dating of fluvial erosion and landsliding, analysis of precipitation data) were distinguished. The chapter provides detailed information of all methods used in the study.


Debris Flow Tree Ring Electrical Resistivity Tomography Valley Floor Electrical Resistivity Tomography 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Reconstructing Environmental ChangeUniversity of Silesia in KatowiceSosnowiecPoland

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