Comparing Systems

  • Mark Bray
  • Kai Jiang
Part of the CERC Studies in Comparative Education book series (CERC, volume 19)


A great deal of comparative education research has focused on systems of education. Sometimes, however, this focus has been implicit rather than explicit, and the units of analysis have not always been clearly defined. This chapter begins by noting some prominent examples in which scholars have focused – or claimed to have focused – on systems of education. It then discusses methodological issues relating to the use of education systems as a unit of analysis in comparative research. It notes that some countries have multiple systems of education, and thus that research which focuses on systems can be intra-national as well as cross-national.


Education System Private School International School Special Administrative Region Education Bureau 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Bray
    • 1
  • Kai Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.UNESCO International Institute for Educational PlanningParisFrance

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